It is hurricane season,so it is prudent to have a disaster plan, disaster preparations, emergency supplies that are ready to grab and go, and a prearranged inland location to meet family and group members if an evacuation become inevitable.
Disaster Plan – Decide where to meet, include written contacts, phone numbers, and other information in your ready to go kit. This information must in writing, because the hurricane’s damage, combined with the personal shock of the disaster, could cause a temporary memory loss. Cell phones may be lost, stolen, damaged, or unable to acquire a signal. There is much to consider when making a disaster plan. You can get more information at FEMA.govFamily Emergency Communication Plan
Disaster Preparations– Have an emergency survival kit that includes food, water and emergency supplies pre-packed and ready to go at short notice. Pack what is necessary to sustain each person for a minimum of three days and up to two weeks. Each member of your family also should have their own emergency survival kit. Keep the emergency kits or grab and go bags manageable in weight. For more information click onPlanning, Preparing, Procurement and Providing.When there, scroll down to the Table of Contents for more specific topics.
How Hurricanes are Named
The National Hurricane Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration use a rotating list of 21 names per year, for six years, to identify hurricanes. Each year has its own set of names and is reused again in six years. The only time that there is a change in the list is if a storm is so deadly or costly that the future use of its name on a different storm would be inappropriate for reasons of sensitivity (Tropical Cyclone Names, National Hurricane Center). For example, Hurricane Sandy’s name is retired.
2016 Storm Names
When there are more than 21 named storms, the Greek alphabet is used.
Fiona and Gaston are currently making their way across the Atlantic. This makes seven named storms this year. Hurricanes have strong winds, storm surges, hail, torrential rains, and lightning. They can produce tornados, flooding and wide spread damage. They create dangerous conditions after they pass too, such as injuries, spreading of diseases, mold, destruction of personal and business property, and the contamination of drinking water and food supplies.
Shock, confusion and chaos are common after a major catastrophic event such as a hurricane or a tornado. Becoming separated people worry anxiously about their absent loved ones. FEMA, the Red Cross, the CDC and the Emergency Disaster Preparedness industry all recommend having an emergency preparedness plan and supplies and provisions of food and water.
Before a Storm Approaches
PLAN aheadhave a written list of phone numbers so you can communicate with your family. Put this list in a waterproof container and put it in your survival kits. Remember to text instead of talk. The reason is that talking takes up more phone time and jams the systems. Have a pre-arranged meeting place. If you or a family member become separated and or lose phone service, your loved ones can meet you at this location. (Family Emergency Communication Plan)
PREPARE an emergency kitor survival kit for each family member. The essential contents of the emergency kit will contain many items; it could be beneficial if there is duplication of some items. For a list of recommended contentsclick here.
Provideenough food, water and supplies for a disaster for at least three days and up to two weeks. It is highly recommended to have a week or two weeks’ worth of long-term food and water. Once the power goes out, food will spoil rapidly.
Contaminated water will ruin your boxes of food. Having canned goods will be too heavy to take with you if you must evacuate. A family of four requires 84 meals per week (3 meals per day x 4 people x 7 days).
Water weighs about eight pounds per gallon and takes up a lot of space. For example, a family of four using one gallon of water per person, per day, will consume 28 gallons of water per week.
One practical solution is to have lightweight, dehydrated or freeze-dried USDA quality food, which is contained in Mylar pouches and further protected by food grade plastic buckets. Long-term food can have a shelf life from five to 25 years. A variety of foods exists from breakfasts, lunches and dinners to desserts and drinks. Some varieties can be cooked in the pouch with serving sizes as small as two servings per pouch.
Water, is a necessity for life, and while lugging 28 gallons of water from place to place may not be practical, carrying a few bottles of water and having a lightweight portable water filtration or water purification system with you is. Have water bottles or lightweight water packets with your supplies. Flooding and power outages may make water unsuitable to drink. Municipal water sources may be contaminated. Therefor it is in your best interests to have your own supply of water and a backupwater filtration or a water purification system.
Visit Just Us Enterprises for all your emergency, disaster, preparedness and outdoor supplies. We provide links to reputable disaster agencies and closely follow or exceed their recommendations.
Chapter 2.1 and 2.2 Preparing– lists, gathering supplies
1. Who do you prepare for?
2. What do you need?
PREPARING FOR AN EMERGENCY OR A DISASTER
Preparing – lists, gathering supplies
Once you have defined the Planning part of your emergency disaster preparedness plan, you can start to prepare. With a Plan in place (discussed under No Simple Answers – Planning, with multiple parts), starting the preparing stage of gathering information and emergency essentials also begins with lists of Who, What, How and Why
Who do you prepare for?
Prepare for the number of people in your family, group or organization and add a cushion of emergency preparedness supplies. This seems like a simple answer, however, disasters affect more than those in the immediate group. Others from outside the group will also need supplies. If you planned adequately, you should have more than just enough for you and your group.
Make lists; or have copies of these documents, include phone numbers, addresses, email and social media contacts. In times of extreme stress, memories can be inaccurate or even become forgetful, and it is impossible to remember everybody’s email address from doctors, financial institutions and businesses that you use. Put this secure information in a watertight container with your survival kit, so if you have to evacuate, you will have the information with you.
Contacts of relatives, close friends and people you can trust
Doctors, attorneys, investment brokers and co-workers
Financial Institutions and account numbers – banks and investments
Important documents – vehicle registrations, deeds, titles, marriage and birth certificates insurance policies
Medications – if you have to leave the area having the correct name and dosage will be helpful, include the prescribing doctor’s name and the pharmacy information
Insurance Companies and policy numbers
Place(s) to meet – if communications are lost or a member is separated from your party, you will have a predetermined meeting location
Supplies, food and water; these may need to be rationed
Maps; GPS systems may not be functioning
What do you need?
The most important survival categories are food and water, shelter and warmth and protection for medical reasons and from assailants. There are several more categories, including equipment, tools and essential supplies that require attention as priorities.
What you need is dependent on two things, the “who” (or how many people), and the type of emergency or disaster that you are preparing for. Emergencies and disasters, like footwear, come in an abundance of varieties, types and dreads. You probably will not wear slippers or high heels to a rodeo; likewise, you probably would not have a basic bug out bag for one person, while getting a family of four ready for evacuation when a hurricane or flood is inevitable.
You may not know the type of emergency you probably will encounter, but to your advantage, you do have knowledge in your favor. You know the number of people that you are preparing for. Additionally, you can take an educated guess as to the types of disasters that occur in your area, and you can acquire your emergency supplies based on your budget, knowledge and experience.
Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both
Cell phone with chargers, inverter or solar charger
Dust mask to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place
First Aid Kit
Flashlight and extra batteries
Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food [per person]
Manual can opener for food
Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
Supplies for Unique Needs, [medications, crutches, wheelchair]
Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation
Whistle to signal for help
Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
Once you have gathered the supplies for a basic emergency kit, consider adding the following items:
Books, games, puzzles or other activities for children
Cash or traveler’s checks and change
Complete changes of clothing including a long-sleeved shirt, long pants and sturdy shoes. Consider additional warm clothing if you live in a cold-weather climate.
Emergency reference material such as a first aid book
Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items
Household chlorine bleach and medicine dropper – When diluted, nine parts water to one part bleach, bleach can be used as a disinfectant. Or in an emergency, you can use it to treat water by using 16 drops of regular household liquid bleach per gallon of water. Do not use scented, color safe or bleaches with added cleaners.
Important family documents such as copies of insurance policies, identification and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container. You can use the Emergency Financial First Aid Kit – EFFAK (PDF – 977Kb) developed by Operation Hope, FEMA and Citizen Corps to help you organize your information.
Infant formula and diapers
Matches in a waterproof container
Mess kits, paper cups, plates, paper towels and plastic utensils
You may not have the desire or the time to build your own emergency disaster preparedness kit. There are many different styles of emergency kits, from a basic, single person survival kit to deluxe and élite kits and specialty survival kits for campers and outdoor activities. There are also Emergency Kits made for hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes and wildfires along with those for auto, children, pets and lockdown situations. In addition to the survival and emergency disaster preparedness kits, Emergency Survival Preparedness Packages that contain multiple survival and emergency kits are also available.
Emergency Disaster Kits and Emergency Survival Preparedness Packages like the Emergency Preparedness Package – 4 Person w/ Food Storage has survival supplies that your family of four will need for a week. Containing food, water, first aid kits, space blankets and much more than can be listed here, this Emergency Preparedness Package includes a basic Auto Kit, a Mini Survival Kit, a 56 Serving Grab n Go Food Bucket and a 4 Person Bucket Survival Kit. This package is compact, has what is needed, and it is portable. This is a quality preparedness package, designed by professionals and provides emergency essentials for the family in a time of crisis. A great value and it will last for many years even if not used immediately, because the food is long-term.
Take this scenario. A plumber has a family of four, lives in Ohio, has limited resources and it is late spring. He knows that the river floods every spring due to the melting snow, warmer temperatures and spring rains. He also knows that tornado season is soon to follow. The storm shelter will protect his family from the storm.
This is what we know. There are four people and two common types of potential disasters in his area (flooding and tornadoes). He needs to prepare in advance for the probability of either the flood or a tornado (or both), which are common events in his area, to affect his family. He also must provide them with enough emergency essentials until help arrives, and take into consideration the possibility of providing for other victims.
Basic emergency calculations
The basics of preparing for an emergency are food, water (and/or a water filtration and purification system), shelter and protection. In addition, we recommend a first aid kit, cooking utensils, warmth, clothing, tools, medications, a means to make a fire and your lists (as previously noted). These essentials multiplied by the number of people will give you an approximate total of what you will need per person per day.
Food: To figure out the number of meals you will need, take the total number of people, multiply it by the number of meals per day, and multiply that times the number of days you want to be prepared for. For example, assuming a family of four eats three meals per day and you want to have enough food for a week, the formula to use is
4 (people) x 3 (meals) x 7 (days) = 84.
Simply put, multiply the (number of people) in the group times (number of meals each person eats per day) times (number of days) equals the number of meals needed.
Water: Another example, using a family of four and FEMA’s recommendation of 1 gallon of water per day per person is calculated as:
1 (gallon/day) x 4 (people) x 7 (days) = 28 gallons
Or for a year’s supply of water
1 (gallon/day) x 4 (people) x 365 (days) = 1460 gallons
Many people have stated that they do not drink a gallon of water per day. Remember you will also need clean water for brushing your teeth, washing, cleaning dishes, cuts, scrapes and injuries and cooking. Water, left in the open, becomes contaminated with bacteria, viruses, cysts, microorganisms, dirt, bugs and other pollutants. You should have a water filtration and purification system that does not require electricity. To purify water, use household bleach only as previously recommended, do not use unscented, color safe or bleaches with added cleaners.
The minimum amount of water for this family of four for a year is 1 x 4 x 365 or 1,460 gallons of water. By comparison, the Water Filtration and Purification systems available from Just Us Enterprises will produce 1,200 to 1,800 gallons of water. These systems eliminate over 99.99% of contaminants, is portable and lightweight and comes in different sizes. An optional Nano Filter is also available to filter out smaller particulates.
Food and water are major considerations when preparing for a disaster. Survival kits and bug out bags will supply emergency essentials for a short-term, about 3 days. Larger emergency kits, Preparedness Packages and long-term foods are now available for more people and for longer durations. Make your own emergency kit with personal effects made from scratch or purchase an emergency kit and customize it with your own belongings. Even though emergency disaster preparedness planning and supplies may not be at the top of the “Most Wanted” list, it should be.
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We now provide emergency, disaster and preparedness products to schools, OEM and fire departments.
Preparing for a hurricane, tornado or disaster involves emergency Planning, Preparing, Procurement and Providing of emergency disaster preparedness supplies. Just Us Enterprises, the Emergency Disaster Preparedness company, offers assistance in these areas. The facts gathered forthwith, were obtained from reliable sources such as FEMA, Ready.gov, the American Red Cross, the CDC and others. Links provided are for your benefit to prepare for an emergency or a disaster. Each of the four P’s (Planning, Preparing, Procurement and Providing) will provide you with information that could be vital to saving a life.
Planning for an emergency or a disaster depends on whether you are planning for a family, a group, a school or a workplace. Even though there are many similarities of these emergency disaster plans, each plan has its own unique procedures that incorporate specific disaster preparedness. The ultimate objective of emergency disaster preparedness is to provide the greatest chance of survival, for the greatest number of people, in the event of a catastrophic event.
Families are usually in different locations at any given moment and due to this fact, Ready.gov recommends having a contact card for each member of the family. These contact cards should contain information so that family members may contact another individual in another state or location. Communications may be down, or over-burdened, therefore it would be wise to carry coins and money or a calling card. “Text messages can often get around network disruptions when a phone call might not be able to get through.” (Ready.gov, 2014) A contact card like the this one from FEMA, Family Emergency Plan Contact Card should be placed with the emergency survival kit, and other accessible means for example an email, which you can send or receive from multiple locations.
Schools and workplaces are varied both by size and by location. Size can further be broken down to the square footage of the building and the number of students or employees.
Students must have a contact person and number.
Students should have a means of communication.
The school or educational facility should be prepared to “shelter in place.”
Schools, colleges, universities and other institutions need an evacuation plan.
The school should have adequate food, water and basic supplies. A Classroom Lockdown Kit for each classroom is strongly suggested for students and faculty.
Planning is the first step in any worthwhile thing that we do. Preparing is gathering all the necessary information and supplies, and then putting that information where it is accessible in a moment’s notice; along with the food, water and basic survival supplies you will need during a disaster.
Have a survival kit, or an emergency disaster preparedness kit for your family or facility. Keep the survival supplies current. Foods for long-term storage and water or a water filtration and purification system are recommended. Contents of a survival kit, also known as a bug out bag, should include a contact card, food, water, basic first aid kit and hygiene. Many government agencies recommend a minimum of 72 hours of food and water in the survival kit, per person. However, some disasters can take several days, sometimes weeks or longer, before help arrives; therefore, most disaster preparedness organizations recommend up to two weeks or more worth of survival food, water and supplies.
Survival kits, are also known as “Bug Out Bags” “72-Hour Kits” “Grab and Go Bags” and other names. There are many different styles and designs, so be cautious in purchasing and prudent in the quality of the survival kit. A survival kit is designed to maintain a person’s survival; therefore, the quality is important. Shown is the basic Single Person Survival Kit.
Emergency Kits are bigger and contain supplies and equipment, geared more to the type of disaster, than basic survival kits. Two examples are the Wildfire Emergency Kit and the Hurricane Emergency Kit (pictured).
Preparedness Packages incorporate different kinds of emergency and survival kits. They are varied as to their contents and amount of people it is intended for such as the Single Person Preparedness Package that includes an Auto Emergency Kit and a Deluxe Survival Kit and a Mini Survival Kit. Another example, the Emergency Preparedness Package – 4 Person w/ Food Storage (pictured) includes sufficient survival gear to accommodate 4 people for a week, or one person for 4 weeks!
Lockdown kits, for work or school, are beneficial preparedness supplies, and should be considered in emergency disaster preparedness. Classroom Lockdown Kits were designed for a classroom of 30 students and workplace (office) Lockdown Kits will accommodate from two to 10 people for three days.
First aid kits, food, toolsand equipment are also necessary components of a survival plan, these items and more can be purchased separately for either short-term, such as camping, or long-term preparation.
Just Us Enterprises, the Emergency Disaster Preparedness company, provides quality survival kits, water filtration, long-term food, first aid kits, hygiene and more, to provide for your emergency disaster preparedness needs.