FEMA opens State Disaster Recovery Center in Lenoir County, NC
In order to assist the victims of hurricane Matthew and the subsequent flooding in North Carolina, we are providing emergency informational links by FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) and the SBA (Small Business Administration).
The management of Just Us Enterprises – Emergency Disaster Preparednessobserved the extensive damage to homes, businesses, farms and workplaces. Tons of sloppy wet carpets, insulation, wallboard, lumber, furniture and personal belongings, recently removed from buildings in Kinston, NC revealed the extent of the destruction. Farms inundated with flood water are destroyed. Businesses and workplaces are uninhabitable. Just because you do not hear about it in the news does not mean that the problem is resolved. Heaps and piles of debris strewn across roads, lawns, parking lots and sidewalks remain scattered where the flood or the clean-up crew left them. The floods destroyed entire blocks of businesses of which many are still closed and cannot reopen. Some are able to rebuild but many more were not covered by insurance.
Hundreds, if not thousands of people lost everything. Some structures had flood water above the door-frames and up to the roofs of homes. These people, through no fault of their own, are suffering due to the flood that not only took their homes and work places, but their jobs and income as well. Many, about two hundred or more in North Carolina alone, still cannot return to their flood ravaged homes. Some streets, for example Queen Street and other roads are still not accessible because the roads are washed out or still under water.For some, there is some assistance through the state and federal government.
Help is available
A FEMA/State Disaster Recovery Center opened in Lenoir County, NC on October 24, 2016. North Carolina residents, who suffered losses and damage as a result of Hurricane Matthew, can get information about state and federal assistance at:
Disaster Recovery Center (DRC) in Lenoir County opening Monday, Oct. 24.
Location: NOVA Building
105 W. Caswell St.
Kinston, NC 28501
Regular hours: Monday – Saturday, 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. Sunday, noon to 5 p.m.
Additionally, The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) is the federal government’s primary source of money for the long-term rebuilding of disaster-damaged private property. SBA information can also be accessed by following the link below.
For more information and assistance, follow this link direct to the FEMA website:
Emergencies occur unexpectedly and disasters create destruction but preparedness requires education. Education as in the planning for the unexpected, preparing in advance of a calamity and procuring enough provisions and supplies to sustain your family, group or organization; at least until relief efforts can replenish and restore the affected area to some semblance of pre-catastrophe. The goal in emergency disaster preparedness education is to teach people that their first line of defense is themselves.
We are inundated every day with news reports of horrific natural and man-made tragedies. Tornados destroy homes, businesses and places of worship, floods swamped entire regions in Texas and the South. Brussels, Paris, San Bernardino, the Boston Marathon and Sandy Hook Elementary School, to name a few, are terrorist activities intent on disrupting our way of life. One of the worst things is the self-inflicted failure of proper safety implementation standards by those we put into office to protect us. The following examples highlight the reason why we must be our own guardians and prepare ourselves for what appears to be a breakdown in advancement.
Reasons to Prepare For Your Family
The first example is the well-publicized water crisis in Flint, Michigan. The authorities in charge of providing clean, filtered and purified water to the residents of Flint instead provided brownish colored, improperly filtered, toxic water containing lead and other impurities to its citizens. Initially both the local government and the EPA assured the residents that the water was fit to drink. Months went by before the powers that be relented and admitted the truth. The water, currently contaminated with lead, toxins, pollutants and bacteria, is a serious health hazard. All of this is documented fact. It is scary how many children, young adults, the sick and elderly, will have to endure the health effects of lead poisoning and other unknown possible effects of additional pollutants in the water because the officials blatantly lied to the people.
Some assert that the water crisis in Flint was an oversight, then a news report stated similar lead contamination in the water reports in Cleveland, and in New Jersey and before long many large cities, concerned about the crisis reviewed their lead levels. Remarkably, just like the initial reports in Flint, the authorities state the water is good enough and is not a risk for consumption. One of these agencies involved included the EPA! The same EPA that said Flint’s water was not harmful until it rescinded their first claim. One wonders, who is overseeing the overseers.
Case two, involves the FDA (The Food and Drug Administration), another government overseer from Washington. This instance is a small article in The Sun Journal dated April 2, 2016, pg B5 titled “FDA proposes limit for arsenic in baby rice cereal.”
As defined by the Encarta Dictionary (North America):
Arsenic is a “poisonous element – a steel-gray poisonous solid element that is a brittle crystalline metalloid. Use: in glass manufacture to remove impurities of color, in alloys to harden lead.”
Arsenic trioxide is a white poisonous solid that contains arsenic. Use: insecticide, rodenticide, herbicide, manufacture of glass and pigments. Formula: As2O3
The FDA, according to the article, “urged the food industry to reduce…the amount of arsenic found in baby rice cereals.” It goes on to say, “But the FDA says the guidance is a precaution as rice cereal is a leading source of arsenic exposure in infants.” As an alternative of suggesting a reduction limitation, why not enforce a limitation, or better yet, why not remove or eliminate the arsenic in the food we give our infants in its entirety.
The federal government agencies, such as the FDA, apparently believe poisoning infants with arsenic, in small quantities, is acceptable, just as the EPA believes lead in drinking water in Flint was acceptable for months. So, the question is, do you want to watch your infant die from slow poisoning or just to be brain damaged because the officials say it is okay.
Finally, in the investigation of water filtration and purification, we initiated an inquiry regarding the drinking water quality that our city provided. Reputable people informed us how healthy and clean and pure our water was. The salespeople from a whole house water filtration system company came by at our request and gave about an hour and a half or so presentation. After many different water quality “tests” they stated that we “needed to remove the bacteria (three times the normal amount) and chlorine (five times the normal amount). It would have cost just under ten thousand dollars for the system. Knowing chlorine kills bacteria, I found it difficult to believe that we were drinking “water that has a higher chlorine level than a shocked swimming pool” and still contained a significant amount of bacteria. I know our water is a type of hard water, but it does not reek of chlorine. The salespeople were cordially escorted to the door.
Start Planning and Preparing Today
Flint residents were told their leaded drinking water was fine. Infants around the country are eating arsenic laden rice cereal and misleading salespeople are willing to take money out of your pocket. The point is, be it the leaders we put in office, or the salespeople that come to our home, sometimes, we run into deceivers that will say or do, what they think, we want to hear. We must educate ourselves and prepare our families with fact-based information.
Chapter 3:Purchasing for an Emergency or a Disaster
1. Who do you buy from?
2. Where do you obtain the emergency supplies?
3. What needs consideration when purchasing disaster supplies?
Purchasing for an Emergency or a Disaster
Who do you buy from?
Purchase your emergency and disaster supplies from an established business. With so many people selling online, you cannot trust everybody. Go with a company that has a good reputation, not all good companies always have good reviews, but many unscrupulous entities might write a number of great reviews for themselves. Your best bet, check out the online store before you buy.
Go to the Better Business Bureau (BBB) and check out the business. Individuals, generally, will not be on the BBB website, and their products might be dated or still worse, you might receive damaged merchandise. This is similar to purchasing an item from a yard sale (where all sales are final) or purchasing from a store where you can either return or replace the damaged or defective merchandise. Do not be afraid to ask how long the food was sitting on the company’s or the individual’s shelf. Ask about their return policy and fees for returned merchandise. A reputable company will have this information available on their website.
Be vigilant of whom you purchase from and what you buy because the cost of emergency food, packaged water, tools, equipment, shelter and supplies can be pricey, especially when purchased separately. Keep in mind the duration that you are planning for, this will affect the quality of the merchandise required and in turn, the price. However, a quality product will last longer. Remember the old adage, “You get what you pay for.”
Where do you obtain the emergency supplies?
Emergency supplies can be purchased from almost anybody and almost anywhere. It helps to know about the company from where you are purchasing your emergency disaster preparedness supplies. For example, some stores or individuals may sell you long-term food that may have a five to twenty-five year shelf life. If you do not know the reputation of the business or individual, you may be purchasing a food item that may have sat on the store shelf (or garage floor) for two or three years, reducing the span of time it will last on your shelf. Buy from a company that does business transactions directly with the food wholesaler and ships direct from the factory. This ensures that you are purchasing long-term food and water that has the longest shelf life on your shelf, not on a store shelf or in someone’s basement. Check out the company on the BBB (Better Business Bureau) website.
Purchase your emergency survival kits from a trustworthy supplier. A reputable dealer will assist you with any potential problems once you receive your kit. Go through the kit and make sure everything advertised to come with the kit is there, and if you are missing anything, you have the opportunity to rectify the omission, hopefully before you need it. In addition to checking out the contents of the survival kits, you have assured the kit is complete and are familiar with the contents.
Consider purchasing a survival kit, emergency kit or a preparedness package with an additional long-term food bucket and adding your personal effects to the contents of a preassembled survival/emergency kit. A food bucket is dehydrated or freeze dried food in Mylar pouches with 2 to 4 servings per pouch. The Mylar pouches are stored in a sealed bucket until ready for use. The shelf life can last up to 25 years under proper storage conditions.
What needs consideration when purchasing disaster supplies?
Think long term when purchasing your supplies. Remember that once the useful life of the item is over, you may not be able to replace it. When the knife or axe becomes dull, have a sharpening stone, a file or a replacement knife or axe. Have materials to mend clothing, such as patches for jeans and needles and thread to repair tears. The needle and thread could also stitch a deep cut and help prevent blood loss and infection. A shattered magnifying glass will not concentrate the sun’s rays to make a fire, and a lost flint is useless, matches only work once and lighters run out of fluid, but here are four different ways to start a fire.
This is not to suggest that you double or triple your preparedness equipment, but I am suggesting that you find multiple uses for the same item. For instance, a clear plastic bottle, made of the correct type of plastic, with the appropriate amount of sunshine will kill multiple types of bacteria due to the ultraviolet rays of the sun (determined by the turbidity of the water, type of plastic, size and other factors). This same bottle can be used as a bobber for fishing or a weight for a trap (when filled with a liquid) to catch a fresh meal. Cut off the bottom and you have a funnel. Have the mindset, when purchasing your gear, that the emergency kit supplies should have multi-purpose uses, and redundant applications.
Ideally, have a backpack, survival kit or preparedness package prepared to go with multi-purpose gear and quality supplies that will last for the duration and aftermath of a disaster for the number of people in your group. Gather your lists, food, water purification system, clothing, and the rest of your gear and supplies and locate that gear in an area that is convenient to get to for a potential grab n go situation. For example, make use of a portion of a closet next to the front or back door for a quick retrieval. Alternatively, have another location where you can have access to your supplies, such as a bug out location. There is much to consider when purchasing your emergency disaster equipment, but one must also take into consideration where to store (conveniently) these supplies.
Chapter 2.3 and 2.4 Preparing– lists, gathering supplies
3. How much do you need?
4. Why prepare, is this just a waste of time and money?
PREPARING FOR AN EMERGENCY OR A DISASTER
Preparing – lists, gathering supplies
How much do you need?
Determining how much you will need is measured by the number of people in your group, how long you want to be prepared for and of course the unknown variable of the disaster itself. To explain this further, if someone, alone, is going to work and has a breakdown, an Auto Emergency Kit should provide for their needs until help arrives. However, if a hurricane like Katrina or Sandy hits, it could be weeks before you have a resolution to the crisis. Finally, if you believe that a crisis of major magnitude will happen, such as a war, financial collapse, a solar disruption of the electrical grid, or Armageddon itself, than you would want a much longer-term supply of food, water and emergency supplies.
For the two examples used previously for a family of four you will need 4,380 meals per year and a minimum of 1,460 gallons of water. Minimum because no one will ever spill or waste any food or water, that is, in a perfect world.
Therefore, the answer to “How much do you need?” is in the following three questions.
Do you want to prepare for a few days, weeks, months or years?
How many people and pets are you preparing for?
How long do you want to survive after a disaster or TEOTWAWKI (The End Of The World As We Know It)?
Remember, you are the only person that you can rely on to prepare for your probable crisis.
Why prepare, is this just a waste of time and money?
When confronted with this question, the best response is to point out the fact, that every day you are preparing for something. Here are a few examples; you take a shower to keep your body clean. Why, because you are preparing for work, the doctor, or a night out, but the most important reason is to prevent germs from attacking you. Animals will prepare by storing food in the fall for a long and unknown winter season, because they, like us, have a basic instinct, which is to survive; some animals, like humans, seem to over-do-it, others under-prepare. The ones that under-prepare may suffer from starvation, malnutrition, diseases and possibly death.
The military will train their men and women to prepare them for the rigors of combat even during a time of peace. This is a case of readiness. You will generally check the fluids, windshield wipers and emergency auto kit in your car when you are going on a long road trip because you do not want to have problems. Even the Boy Scout’s motto is “Be Prepared.” Preparing is a natural instinct. Therefore, it is natural to prepare for the unknown and unpredictable future. No, it is not a waste of time or money, preparing can save your life.
Chapter 2.1 and 2.2 Preparing– lists, gathering supplies
1. Who do you prepare for?
2. What do you need?
PREPARING FOR AN EMERGENCY OR A DISASTER
Preparing – lists, gathering supplies
Once you have defined the Planning part of your emergency disaster preparedness plan, you can start to prepare. With a Plan in place (discussed under No Simple Answers – Planning, with multiple parts), starting the preparing stage of gathering information and emergency essentials also begins with lists of Who, What, How and Why
Who do you prepare for?
Prepare for the number of people in your family, group or organization and add a cushion of emergency preparedness supplies. This seems like a simple answer, however, disasters affect more than those in the immediate group. Others from outside the group will also need supplies. If you planned adequately, you should have more than just enough for you and your group.
Make lists; or have copies of these documents, include phone numbers, addresses, email and social media contacts. In times of extreme stress, memories can be inaccurate or even become forgetful, and it is impossible to remember everybody’s email address from doctors, financial institutions and businesses that you use. Put this secure information in a watertight container with your survival kit, so if you have to evacuate, you will have the information with you.
Contacts of relatives, close friends and people you can trust
Doctors, attorneys, investment brokers and co-workers
Financial Institutions and account numbers – banks and investments
Important documents – vehicle registrations, deeds, titles, marriage and birth certificates insurance policies
Medications – if you have to leave the area having the correct name and dosage will be helpful, include the prescribing doctor’s name and the pharmacy information
Insurance Companies and policy numbers
Place(s) to meet – if communications are lost or a member is separated from your party, you will have a predetermined meeting location
Supplies, food and water; these may need to be rationed
Maps; GPS systems may not be functioning
What do you need?
The most important survival categories are food and water, shelter and warmth and protection for medical reasons and from assailants. There are several more categories, including equipment, tools and essential supplies that require attention as priorities.
What you need is dependent on two things, the “who” (or how many people), and the type of emergency or disaster that you are preparing for. Emergencies and disasters, like footwear, come in an abundance of varieties, types and dreads. You probably will not wear slippers or high heels to a rodeo; likewise, you probably would not have a basic bug out bag for one person, while getting a family of four ready for evacuation when a hurricane or flood is inevitable.
You may not know the type of emergency you probably will encounter, but to your advantage, you do have knowledge in your favor. You know the number of people that you are preparing for. Additionally, you can take an educated guess as to the types of disasters that occur in your area, and you can acquire your emergency supplies based on your budget, knowledge and experience.
Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both
Cell phone with chargers, inverter or solar charger
Dust mask to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place
First Aid Kit
Flashlight and extra batteries
Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food [per person]
Manual can opener for food
Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
Supplies for Unique Needs, [medications, crutches, wheelchair]
Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation
Whistle to signal for help
Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
Once you have gathered the supplies for a basic emergency kit, consider adding the following items:
Books, games, puzzles or other activities for children
Cash or traveler’s checks and change
Complete changes of clothing including a long-sleeved shirt, long pants and sturdy shoes. Consider additional warm clothing if you live in a cold-weather climate.
Emergency reference material such as a first aid book
Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items
Household chlorine bleach and medicine dropper – When diluted, nine parts water to one part bleach, bleach can be used as a disinfectant. Or in an emergency, you can use it to treat water by using 16 drops of regular household liquid bleach per gallon of water. Do not use scented, color safe or bleaches with added cleaners.
Important family documents such as copies of insurance policies, identification and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container. You can use the Emergency Financial First Aid Kit – EFFAK (PDF – 977Kb) developed by Operation Hope, FEMA and Citizen Corps to help you organize your information.
Infant formula and diapers
Matches in a waterproof container
Mess kits, paper cups, plates, paper towels and plastic utensils
You may not have the desire or the time to build your own emergency disaster preparedness kit. There are many different styles of emergency kits, from a basic, single person survival kit to deluxe and élite kits and specialty survival kits for campers and outdoor activities. There are also Emergency Kits made for hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes and wildfires along with those for auto, children, pets and lockdown situations. In addition to the survival and emergency disaster preparedness kits, Emergency Survival Preparedness Packages that contain multiple survival and emergency kits are also available.
Emergency Disaster Kits and Emergency Survival Preparedness Packages like the Emergency Preparedness Package – 4 Person w/ Food Storage has survival supplies that your family of four will need for a week. Containing food, water, first aid kits, space blankets and much more than can be listed here, this Emergency Preparedness Package includes a basic Auto Kit, a Mini Survival Kit, a 56 Serving Grab n Go Food Bucket and a 4 Person Bucket Survival Kit. This package is compact, has what is needed, and it is portable. This is a quality preparedness package, designed by professionals and provides emergency essentials for the family in a time of crisis. A great value and it will last for many years even if not used immediately, because the food is long-term.
Take this scenario. A plumber has a family of four, lives in Ohio, has limited resources and it is late spring. He knows that the river floods every spring due to the melting snow, warmer temperatures and spring rains. He also knows that tornado season is soon to follow. The storm shelter will protect his family from the storm.
This is what we know. There are four people and two common types of potential disasters in his area (flooding and tornadoes). He needs to prepare in advance for the probability of either the flood or a tornado (or both), which are common events in his area, to affect his family. He also must provide them with enough emergency essentials until help arrives, and take into consideration the possibility of providing for other victims.
Basic emergency calculations
The basics of preparing for an emergency are food, water (and/or a water filtration and purification system), shelter and protection. In addition, we recommend a first aid kit, cooking utensils, warmth, clothing, tools, medications, a means to make a fire and your lists (as previously noted). These essentials multiplied by the number of people will give you an approximate total of what you will need per person per day.
Food: To figure out the number of meals you will need, take the total number of people, multiply it by the number of meals per day, and multiply that times the number of days you want to be prepared for. For example, assuming a family of four eats three meals per day and you want to have enough food for a week, the formula to use is
4 (people) x 3 (meals) x 7 (days) = 84.
Simply put, multiply the (number of people) in the group times (number of meals each person eats per day) times (number of days) equals the number of meals needed.
Water: Another example, using a family of four and FEMA’s recommendation of 1 gallon of water per day per person is calculated as:
1 (gallon/day) x 4 (people) x 7 (days) = 28 gallons
Or for a year’s supply of water
1 (gallon/day) x 4 (people) x 365 (days) = 1460 gallons
Many people have stated that they do not drink a gallon of water per day. Remember you will also need clean water for brushing your teeth, washing, cleaning dishes, cuts, scrapes and injuries and cooking. Water, left in the open, becomes contaminated with bacteria, viruses, cysts, microorganisms, dirt, bugs and other pollutants. You should have a water filtration and purification system that does not require electricity. To purify water, use household bleach only as previously recommended, do not use unscented, color safe or bleaches with added cleaners.
The minimum amount of water for this family of four for a year is 1 x 4 x 365 or 1,460 gallons of water. By comparison, the Water Filtration and Purification systems available from Just Us Enterprises will produce 1,200 to 1,800 gallons of water. These systems eliminate over 99.99% of contaminants, is portable and lightweight and comes in different sizes. An optional Nano Filter is also available to filter out smaller particulates.
Food and water are major considerations when preparing for a disaster. Survival kits and bug out bags will supply emergency essentials for a short-term, about 3 days. Larger emergency kits, Preparedness Packages and long-term foods are now available for more people and for longer durations. Make your own emergency kit with personal effects made from scratch or purchase an emergency kit and customize it with your own belongings. Even though emergency disaster preparedness planning and supplies may not be at the top of the “Most Wanted” list, it should be.
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Chapter 1.4 & 1.5 Planning – the compiling of lists
4. How much preparation is necessary?
5. Where do you go in a disaster?
Planning for an Emergency or a Disaster
How much preparation is necessary?
There are no simple answers to this question, because the unexpected happens daily to everyone, everywhere, around the world. A better question would be; how much preparation, given a set of circumstances, should you prepare for, and for how many people? Again, determine “what” you are preparing for – storm, earthquake, terrorist attack etc. Make ready for the most likely catastrophic event in your region, and then prepare everybody in your group, for that event. Remember to take into consideration the “who,” and the “what” discussed later under Preparing.
Here is an example, let us say you live on the West Coast, you are more likely to prepare for a wildfire or an earthquake as opposed to living in the Midwest, who would prepare for tornadoes or flooding, while the East coast would prepare for hurricanes and blizzards. Unfortunately, terrorism is striking us from all angles. Violent attackers are killing children in our schools; therefore, Classroom Lockdown Kits are essential for lockdown situations across the country.
A lockdown kit includes hygiene and sanitary facilities designed for schools and workplaces; they are an excellent waste containment system for emergency bivouac and camping situations. ISIS and similar extremists are causing global disruptions of civilization as we know it, and even the sun is throwing solar flares at us, threatening our electrical power grid. The answer to how much preparation is necessary depends on how comfortable you are with your preparedness or the lack of preparedness knowing that a disaster is probable.
You cannot prepare for everything, but you can limit how long that you feel it is necessary to survive after a disaster strikes. If your area is devastated by a hurricane or earthquake, it could take weeks or months to regain power to your home, it may take a week or longer for rescue teams to assist you. The current government recommendation is to be prepared with a survival kit with enough provisions for 3 days (72 hours).
Unfortunately, the East coast’s winter weather caused many areas to have blackouts that left people without power for a week or more during brutally cold temperatures. In our opinion, we recommend a minimum 5-day survival kit per person; but two weeks to three months would be optimal. Longer preparation for the more serious prepper or survivalist will include longer-term food, water, first aid kits and emergency essentials.
Survival kits, known as bug-out-bags, 72-hour kits, emergency kits and other names are kits containing emergency supplies that will provide life sustaining provisions and comfort items. You can build one yourself, but it could actually cost more and possibly be less complete than a prepackaged survival kit. We discuss the contents in the section entitled Preparing – “How much do you need.”
Where do you go in a disaster?
This part of the planning stage assumes you have a predetermined place to go, also known as a BOL (bug-out-location). A means of transportation to travel there and that there is not a travel ban induced by the government, pirates or electromagnetic forces that shut down vehicle computers, or any number of other deterrents that may prevent access to a safer place. If the area is closed to vehicles for whatever reason, including impassable roads, then traveling to your bug out cave in the mountains, which may be several hours away, and access to your supplies, is all for naught. A small group of individuals may not be able to arrive at the “safe” destination safely.
Alternatively, you may have a plan to go to a relative’s or friend’s home or to a shelter. If this is the case, make sure everyone on your “who” list has the “where” (where all of you will meet) list. Include with the “where” list contact names, addresses, phone numbers and written directions. Have a prearranged meeting place on the “where” list because GPS and cell phone service may not be functional. If someone in your family or group becomes separated, you will have a start location for the search effort. FEMA and other government agencies recommend texting instead of calling your contacts because calling ties up the signals for longer periods. Some emergencies and disasters require sheltering in place some do not. Have a Plan “B” and supplies in two or more accessible locations if possible
It may be better to have supplies in two or more locations because if your primary BOL (bug out location) is unreachable or breached, you will have supplies in a second location. Remember to write the locations on your “where” lists. However, you may want to limit the supply location(s) on the “where” list in case the list is misappropriated or lost. Someone may find the list and beat you to your supplies. Once the initial catastrophe phase ends, you might be able to relocate to the primary BOL if necessary.
3. Why are you preparing for an emergency or a disaster?
Planning for an Emergency or a Disaster
Why are you preparing for an emergency or a disaster?
Once you determine who and what the primary emergency or disaster focus is (road trip, storm, natural disaster, war, climate change, financial collapse etc.), then you can appreciate why we prepare for the unexpected. We prepare because we are survivalist, but we require things to keep us alive. We need comfort items such as clothing, shoes, coats, a blanket and a form of communication. We need protection from infections and injuries such as a first aid kit. We will require a weapon to protect members of the group and ourselves and a shelter to protect us from the elements. We need tools and equipment, knives, can-openers, hand tools, tarps, ropes and generators to run power tools. Supplies like pencils, paper, cooking utensils, lighting and a means to start a fire. We will also need fuel to run the generators and vehicles. As further comfort, we need hygiene and sanitation. Most of all, we need sustenance, food and water (or a water filtration and purification system), and in copious amounts. Researchers have determined that water is more important than food for survival. A water filtration and purification system is almost mandatory for any major catastrophe because storing water in the recommended quantities per person could be a major space and weight problem. Delivering water over a stricken area is a logistical nightmare.
You do not need a year’s supply of food and water for an auto emergency kit, but if the area has a flood, you may need several days or weeks’ worth of provisions before rescue and help arrives. Whereas if a regional catastrophic event occurs, such as the earthquakes that hit Haiti, Chili, Japan or Nepal, or the Typhoon that recently devastated Micronesia, then a more comprehensive disaster preparedness strategy should be implemented.